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Cybersecurity: Basics and Best Practices

The world of cybercrime is changing day to day. Cybersecurity has become a matter of concern for every organization with the adoption of the internet for all the transactions and communication.


History of Cybersecurity

The history of Cybersecurity began in the 1970s when a programmer named Bob Thomas designed a program named “Creeper”, which was the first-ever computer virus. He found out that the program can move across the network leaving a small trail wherever it went. He made the virus travel across the network saying, “I am the Creeper, catch me if you can”. Another programmer who found this interesting created another program called “Reaper” which chased and deleted “Creeper”. “Reaper” thus became the first antivirus program ever created.


Common types of Cybersecurity threats

  • Malwares: Malwares are malicious software or a program that is considered as the most familiar threat that enters a network. There are many types of malware like trojans, that is often disguised as legitimate programs; viruses, that replicate themselves by infecting other files; adware, that display unwanted advertisements on the computer and spyware, that spies on the network watching for the user activities.
  • Spams: Spams are unwanted digital junk emails often send for commercial purposes over any electronic messaging system. But this might also contain some malicious attempt to gain access to your computer or network. Hence, proper spam protection is an essential part of email management.
  • Phishing: Phishing is a type of cyber threat where the victim or target is lured into entering their sensitive data which is then used for fraudulent transactions. The hackers send emails pretending as a trusted entity or a company the target might do business with.
  • Hacking: Hacking is a cybercrime where the hacker identifies the vulnerabilities in the system and gains unauthorized access to the business data. Hackers are individuals or a group of people who uses identity theft and steal information from others to commit fraudulent transactions.


Cybersecurity: Best Practices

  1. Use strong password protection and authentication
  2. Use secure, hidden and encrypted office Wi-Fi networks
  3. Back up your important files regularly
  4. Install antivirus software and ensure regular security updates
  5. Educate and train your employees on cybersecurity
  6. Avoid unknown E-mails and never open a suspicious link
  7. Deploy a trusted security partner


Benefits of Partnering with a Cybersecurity Provider

  1. Improves business security posture
  2. Avoids costly fines and ransoms
  3. Detects vulnerabilities and threats
  4. Ensures regulatory compliance
  5. Provides cybersecurity awareness training


Looking for a cybersecurity partner?

ValueMentor is a full-fledged Cyber Security Partner helping organizations worldwide to effortlessly manage cyber risks.  We offer Risk & Compliance Services, Security Testing & Managed Security Services. To know more about our Security services,

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