How Mobile Application Security Testing Defends Mobile Apps?
What is Mobile Application Security
Mobile Applications are a popular communication means for business as well as people. We use it regularly, almost every second. 50 % of users spend their digital time on mobile devices leveraging applications. Mobile application security involves evaluating applications for various security issues. It can include inspecting the application-specific platforms, developed frameworks and the connected user specific data of those who utilize the application.
These applications bridge a large amount of user data that can be critical and needs to be safely protected. Although mobile applications are the go-to option for everything, risks related to mobile app security is a matter of concern. And that paves the way for mobile app security testing. It is significant to understand what mobile app security testing is all about and how it contributes to application safety.
Mobile App Security Testing
The mobile app security testing involves the process through which a malicious user would try to infiltrate the application. Initially, the process analyses the business purpose of the application and the data type that it handles. Thereafter, the testing team deploys a combination of static analysis, dynamic analysis, and pen testing to detect and exploit vulnerabilities or threats.
Criteria for Mobile Application Security Testing
1. Look over potential threat vectors and modelling
The foremost step in a mobile application security test is determining or sketching the potential threat vectors. For this, enterprises could inspect these parameters: –
- Check the presence of stored logs (credentials or critical information).
- Check for reverse engineering possibilities.
- Check for access control related workflow.
- Inspect export activities and third-party services.
- Look for various ways through which data transmission goes encrypted.
2. Analyzing mobile application vulnerabilities
Here, you need to evaluate the whole application for identifying security gaps and downfalls. Likewise, the responsiveness of mobile application security architecture needs to get checked in detail. By understanding the capability of deployed security controls, enterprises would know how they could respond to a real-time attack.
You should have a list of vulnerabilities to check and a design to capture all findings in detail. A comprehensive vulnerability analysis inspects and pinpoints all possible vulnerabilities/risks on an expansive scale, including network, OS, and hardware. Similarly, you can analyze the most significant or high-level threats and how to defend against these threats.
Major Mobile Application issues in Android & iOS
When it comes to the security of mobile applications, developers hold a significant amount of responsibility. The poor implementation of security infrastructure has resulted in more mobile applications getting hacked to the present time. Amidst these insights, we must also consider the difference between the apps developed on Android and other iOS counterparts. Also, the security issues might go differently considering the two platforms.
Mobile App Security Concerns in Android
It is a conferred fact that hackers preferably surface their attacks on Android platforms than iOS ones. The open-source environment of Android proves to be the element driving the factor. It means people can freely use or edit Android source codes for app development. Also, Android OS holds only a minimal requirement for the screening and testing process. Indeed, the very scenario makes it a popular option for many developers. And that has seeded the vulnerability, making it more susceptible to hacking threats and security issues. MITM attack, component issues, permission-based issues, rooting and malvertising are some serious threats faced by the Android platform.
Mobile App Security Concerns in iOS
iOS is indeed safe when compared to the former platform. The closed development environment alongside solid screening and testing process has given its worth to the users. However, Apple isn’t entirely getting away from today’s sophisticated hacking methodologies and techniques. As the platform points towards the affluent divide in general, it is always a hot target for attackers. Many instances have fueled the situation, such as local data storage, jailbreaking, etc. Common threats sticking here are improper platform use, cryptographic issues, code tampering, client code quality, reverse engineering, authorization issues, etc.
Security Testing as the Perfect Solution
Here are the leads shaping the security testing process of a mobile application: –
- Performing manual and automated security tests for mobile devices on networks and diverse platforms.
- Conducting automated tests for identifying spywares, trojans, privacy issues, data leakage issues and insecure network connections.
- Usage of cloud services to make a highly scalable infrastructure for tests.
- Dynamic analysis and testing of applications, verifying security issues such as insecure data transmission. Also helps to determine unsafe file system, unsound data storage and privilege overrides.
- Assessing automated codes that helps developers implement security in agile and dynamic environments.
- Real-time inspection of mobile app features in a controlled environment and comparing these results against the known scenarios.
- Usage of binary static analysis, exposing malicious vulnerabilities resulting in data leakage.
- Application assessment based on regulatory compliance and standards, ensuring mandatory requirements go adhered.
- Inspecting for latest new-born threats surfacing your mobile application framework/infrastructure.
Enterprises often overlook mobile applications while coming to cyber security policies and strategies. These applications stick as a vital and sharp target for cyber hackers/attackers. Security testing of mobile applications has helped the scenario by detecting mobile application vulnerabilities that might otherwise lurk inside unknowingly. To address these threats and ensure testing goes upright, third party organizations can be the best option.
Security testing often proves to be a critical element of mobile test strategy. While choosing your mobile application security test partner, make sure they have the required exposure and a solid test strategy at hand. Likewise, enterprises need to ensure that agnostic test automation frameworks accompany the testing process.